In Pictures: 65 Faces of Bharat Mata

If anyone had even a shard of doubt over the role BJP played in the ‘nationalism’ tinted incidents that have taken place at various places than the BJP National Executive meeting has removed it. Now even the ‘innocents’ know that it was not people on the fringes who caused things to happen in a certain way, which even coloured Congress in saffron hue. Everyone is aiming and claiming to be BJP in his or her version of ideology. This is, as Ravish Kumar showed NDTV Prime Time (YouTube Link), the time to know how Bharat Mata looks now and how she looked when she was first conceptualize. This is the first in the series of picture galleries that we will be sharing on ProbingLens.

Bharat Mata is an epic painting
Year: 1905
Painting: Abanindranath Tagore

Clay figurine of Bhārat Mātā attributed to Subramania Bharati
Year: 1911
Photographer: Kota Noble
Courtesy: Bharatidasan Memorial Museum cum Research Centre, Puducheri

Mahatma Gandhi and the Swadeshi Movement
Year: 1925
oleograph: Unknown
Courtesy: The Hindu

Saraswati, with array of sari that suggests she is “morphing” into Bharat Mata
Year: 1920-40
Poster: K. A. S. Litho Press in Calcutta

Hind Devi [Mother India]. Packaging label for the Ahmedabad New Textile Mills, Ahmedabad
Year: 1920-30
Collection: Abhishek Poddar
Courtesy: CIVIC Visual Archive, New Delhi

Another Bharat Mata Print from 1920-30
Year: 1920-30

Bharat Mata
Year: 1930
Artist: Roop Kishore Kapur
Courtesy: Urvashi Butalia

India’s Hope: Her Textile Industry
Year: 1931
Advertisement for E. D. Sassoon & Company, Bombay
Courtesy: Lisa Trivedi

Vande Mataram (I worship the Mother). Bharat Mata poster, complete with sari (in tricolor of Indian flag) shaped as subcontinent.
Year: 1937
Chromolithograph published by Rao Brothers, Coimbatore
Courtesy: Erwin Neumayer from Neumayer & Schelberger, Popular Indian Art

Bharat Mata in shackles
Year: late 1930s-early 1940s
Print bearing the signature of D. Banerjee.
Courtesy: Priya Paul Collection, New Delhi

Mahatma Gandhi in the Lap of Bharat Mata
Year: 1940
Print: Unknown
Courtesy: Columbia University

Shri Bharatmata
Year: 1940
Print: Unknown
Courtesy: Columbia University

India vintage litho label with an anglicized Bharat Mata
Year: 1940s

Hind Devi. Packaging label for Shahpur Mills, Ahmedabad
Year: Mid 20th Century
Packaging label for Shahpur Mills, Ahmedabad
Courtesy: Priya Paul Collection, New Delhi

The Kastoorchand Mills packaging label, Bombay
Year: Early 20th Century
The Kastoorchand Mills packaging label, Bombay
Courtesy: Priya Paul Collection, New Delhi

Subas Chandra Bose, Flag & Bharat Mata
Year: 1940s

Subas Chandra Bose, Flag, sword & Bharat Mata
Year: 1940s

The two-armed Mother India (“Hind-Mata”) occupies a map of pre-divided India
Year: 1940s
Collection: K. C. Aryan’s Home of Folk-Art Collection, Gurgaon.

Bharat Mata wears a necklace containing the heads of some of her devoted sons
Year: 1940s

Maa ki pukar
Year: unknown

Shaheed Bhagat Singh
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata in shackles
Year: 1941
Print bearing the signature of D. Banerjee
Collection: Priya Paul Collection, New Delhi

1946-47 Kalpa Taru: Independence is our Birth Right: Galaxy of Congress Leaders who Wrought for Independence for Sixty Years.
Year: 1946-1974
Print published by M. Thimmiah Sresty, Batchu Ragavaiah & Jonnala Pentaiah, Secunderabad
Collection: Erwin Neumayer and Christine Schelberger collection, Vienna

The Splendour that is India
Year: 1947
Artist: P. Ramachandra Rao

1948 “Message of love”: a serene Bharat Mata inclusively interpreted, with room for everybody
Year: 1948
Artist: T. B. Vathy
Chromolithograph: B. Ethirajalu and Sons, Madras

Ravi-Verma Benign goddess figure pictured arising from lotus in water, advertising Woodward’s Gripe Water. The unusual swirl of sari above her head is, again, suggestive of shaping towards a representation of the subcontinent, suggesting a “morphing” towards Bharat Mata.
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata free of shackles and Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru
Year: unknown

British india private postcard bharat mata flag KG VI stamps
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata with flag and free of shackles
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata & Netaji
Year: 1947
Print bearing signature of Brojen. Published by Picture Publishing Company
Collection: H. Daniel Smith Poster Archive, Special Collections Research Center,Syracuse University

A post-independence calendar with Subhsah Chandra Bose
Year: 1948

“The Death of Satyam Shivam Sundaram,” showing the grief of “Mother India” over Gandhi; a modern water-color
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata with an Indian flag instead of a map
Year: 1950s

“Mother India” also became the title of a film about the sufferings of a village mother
Year: 1957
Cast: Nargis, Raj Kumar, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar
Producer/Director: Mehboob Khan
Music: Naushad

Bharat Mata, Gandhi, and Nehru
Year: 1957

Bhārat Mātā. Frontispiece in schoolbook, Putiya ārampakalvi tamiḻ
(Mūṉṟām puttakam) [New elementary Tamil: Book three] Year: 1958
Artist: V. Lakshmanan
Shri Shanmugha Publishing House, Mannargudi

Motherland
Year: 1970s
Publisher: Coronation Litho

The poster Indira Gandhi: Mere Khun Ka Har Katara Desh Ko Mazbut Karega
(Indira Gandhi: Every Drop of My Blood Will Strengthen the Nation;)
Year: 1980s

Mother India calling her sons to fight against capitalism, Islam and Christian missionary activities.
Year: 1990s

A New Year greeting card depicting Mother India and a devout son of the soil worshipping her.
(Hindi text at bottom: Jeevan pushp chadhane nikley – offering one’s flower-like life…)
Year: 1990s

Bhart mata: The VHP’s version
Year: Unknown

Bhart mata: The VHP’s version
Year: Unknown

A modern flashing version of Bharat Mata, with a lion who links her to Durga
Year: Unknown

A modern non-flashing version of Bharat Mata, with a lion who links her to Durga
Year: Unknown

Bharat Mata atop lion and the world
Year: Unknown

Mother India
Year: 2000
painted by B., Montage
acquired at VHP shop, New Delhi

Bharat Mata in RSS calender
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata on a candle box
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata is dressed in the design of the Indian flag
Year: 2007
Bazaar Art

Bharat Mata: India’s Freedom Movement in Popular Art
Year: 2008
Oxford University Press
Authors: Erwin Neumayer, Christine Schelberger

The Goddess and the Nation: Mapping Mother India
Year: 2010
Book cover designed by Heather Hensley for Duke University Press, Durham
Courtesy: the author

India: A Veneration Nation?
Year: 2012
Conference Poster: Department of Anthropology, University College London

“Bharat Mata” (labeled in Hindi above the image) installed in Daulatabad Fort
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata bronze statue accompanied by a lion at Yanam, India
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata at Jatiya Shaktipeeth, Kolkata
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata statue at Kanyakumari,India
Year: unknown

Bharat Mata at Indian Army base gate near Leh, Ladakh
Year: unknown

The relief map of India as Bharatmata, carved out of marble at Bharat Mata Mandir, Varanasi
Year: unknown

M. F. Husain’s depiction of Bharat Mata also suggests her suffering– but behind the Himalayas, the sun is rising
Year: unknown
Artist: M. F. Husain

M. F. Husain’s depiction of Bharat Mata
Year: unknown
Artist: M. F. Husain
Courtesy: The Times of India

Cartoonist Shankar’s take on socialism and Mother India
Year: unknown
Artist: Shankar
Courtesy: The Times of India

Bharat Mata
Year: unknown
Artist: Dr Lal Ratnakar
Courtesy: Kafila

Bharat Mata Combined
Year: 2016
Courtesy: Kafila

Women of the ‘Bharat Mata’
Year: 2016
Courtesy: Hindu

Soni Sori Poster, Save Mother India
Year: 2016
Courtesy: Counter Currents

Source:

  1. http://tasveerghar.net
  2. http://www.thehindu.com/thehindu/mag/2003/08/17/stories/2003081700160200.htm
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  4. http://www.exoticindia.com/product/WC81/
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  6. http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00routesdata/1800_1899/congress/bharatmata/bharatmata.html
  7. http://photos1.blogger.com/blogger/1909/761/1600/23.jpg
  8. http://vhp.org/
  9. http://mahavidyalayin.blogspot.in/http://www.narendrasingh.myewebsite.com/photos/bharat-mata.-.html
  10. http://bbss.org.in/images/bharat-mata3.jpg
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  13. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-MQfk6SM6mbw/UUWbr7C-5vI/AAAAAAAAAT8/XxRzvcmoT2Y/s1600/0-a-map-of-bharat-mata.jpg
  14. http://www.css.ac.in/download/sadan_publication/05.pdf
  15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharat_Mata_Mandir
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bharat_Mata
  17. http://reflectionsofindia.com/tag/bharat-mata/
  18. http://www.exoticindiaart.com/book/details/bharat-mata-india-s-freedom-movement-in-popular-art-IDK130/
  19. https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Bharat_Mata.html?id=OW6fGgAACAAJ&redir_esc=y
  20. https://fromnirmal.wordpress.com/category/arts-popular-culture/
  21. http://flagstamps.blogspot.in/2015/03/bharat-mata-mother-india-national.html
  22. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/1957-Vintage-Bharat-Mata-Gandhiji-Nehruji-Print-With-Brass-Plated-Frame-/161985417366?hash=item25b7155096
  23. http://www.jaunpurcity.in/2011/05/dr-lal-ratnakar-phd-work-on-folk-art-of.html
  24. http://kafila.org/2016/03/20/many-faces-of-the-mother-four-voices-on-bharat-mata-and-a-quiz/
  25. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/british-india-private-postcard-bharat-mata-flag-KG-VI-stamps-a101-70-/182039495876?hash=item2a626644c4
  26. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/1957-Vintage-Bharat-Mata-Gandhiji-Nehruji-Print-With-Brass-Plated-Frame-/161985417366?hash=item25b7155096
  27. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/India-1940s-Patriotic-Photo-3-5-X-5-5-Subas-Chandra-Bose-Flag-Bharat-Mata-/151283749101?hash=item233936d0ed
  28. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/The-Goddess-and-the-Nation-Mapping-Mother-India-by-Ramaswamy-Sumathi-/371508595178?hash=item567fa349ea
  29. http://www.ebay.ca/itm/India-vintage-litho-label-with-an-anglicized-Bharat-Mata-/390934279929?hash=item5b057fb6f9
  30. http://www.ebay.ca/sch/sis.html?_nkw=India%20Vintage%20Card%20BHARAT%20MATA%20Mother%20India%20Elephant%20Lion%20Bombay%20Named%20Artist&_itemId=191066056246
  31. http://uttarakhand.tripod.com/republicday.html
  32. http://tasveerghar.net/cmsdesk/viewgallery.aspx?id=93&EId=116&ImageId=12
  33. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/anthropology/anthropology-news/india_a_veneration_nation
  34. http://tasveerghar.net/stamil/s13.html
  35. http://www.thehindu.com/thread/reflections/article8352251.ece
  36. http://www.countercurrents.org/surabhi170316.htm

All Photos were downloaded from various sources on March 22, 2016